Totally endoscopic resection of atrial myxoma: early results of 26 patients in E hospital

Nguyen Hoang Nam, Nguyen Cong Huu, Tran Thuy Nguyen, Hoang Van Trung, Do Duc Thinh, Ngo Thanh Hung, Pham Thanh Dat, Le Ngoc Thanh, Nguyen Huu Uoc

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Tóm tắt

Objective: Myxoma is the most common form of non-malignant tumor that arises from connective tissue. Totally endoscopic surgery without robotic assistance can resect the entire atrial myxoma. This study aim to evaluate the early results of this surgical method. Methods: From January 2019 to April 2021, 26 patients (20 females, 6 males, mean age 49.5 ± 14.3) were diagnosed with atrial myxoma. All tumors of those patients were resected by totally endoscopic surgery. We evaluated the early outcome of this method based on the following criteria: mortality rates, conversion to open surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamp time, postoperative time. Results: Totally endoscopic surgery to resect atrial myxoma was successfully performed in all patients with surgical ports on the thoracic wall. The largest incision was not more than 1.5 cm in diameter. Mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 134 ± 39 minutes, aortic cross-clamp time was 81.4 ± 26.4 minutes, mechanical ventilation time was 10.5 ± 4.6 hours, ICU length of stay was 2.1 ± 0.9 days, postoperative time was 6.9 ± 5.4 days. We had one case in which the excision of myxoma was performed contemporaneously with mitral valve annuloplasty. Conclusions: Initial outcomes of totally endoscopic surgery to resect atrial myxomas were satisfactory. However, to fully evaluate the effectiveness of this method, we need to conduct a long-term follow-up of these patients.

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Tài liệu tham khảo

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